Survey Level

does ireland have an actual language or do they just have that accent like ppl from england do.?

Irish (Gaeilge), a Goidelic language spoken in the Republic of Ireland, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States, is constitutionally recognized as the first official language of the Republic of Ireland. On 13 June, 2005, EU foreign ministers unanimously decided to make Irish an official working language of the European Union. The new arrangements will come into effect on January 1, 2007.

According to statistics released by the Government of Ireland in 2004, there are approximately 1.6 million speakers of Irish in the Republic. Of these, 350,000 use Irish every day, 155,000 weekly, 585,000 less often, 460,000 never, and 30,000 didn't state how often. However, these statistics are often disputed by Irish language activists and their opponents. 80,000 people has been quoted as the number of people in the Gaeltacht who use the language as their first, daily language1. Other data state that 165,000 can speak Irish in Northern Ireland and 25,000 in the United States.

The number of native Irish-speakers in the Republic of Ireland today is a tiny fraction of what it was at independence. The Official Languages Act of 2003 gave people the right to interact with state bodies in Irish. It is too early to assess how well this is working in practice. Other factors were outward migration of Irish speakers from the Gaeltacht and inward migration of English-speakers. The Planning and Development Act (2000) attempted to address the latter issue, but the response is almost certainly inadequate. Planning controls now require new housing in Gaeltacht areas to be allocated to English-speakers and Irish-speakers in the same ratio as the existing population of the area. This will not prevent houses allocated to Irish-speakers subsequently being sold on to English-speakers. Outward migration of Irish-speakers could be reduced if the state, which is the main employer in the Republic of Ireland, were to exercise its right to have certain jobs performed in Irish and relocated to the Gaeltacht. On 3rd December 2003 the Minister for Finance announced a new Decentralisation programme, moving over 10,000 civil and public service jobs to 53 locations in 25 other counties outside Dublin. The government explicitly said this was being done to boost the economy of outlying areas. None of these jobs were used to provide employment for native Irish-speakers in the Gaeltacht.

According to data compiled by the Irish Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs, only one quarter of households in Gaeltacht areas possess a fluency in Irish. The author of a detailed analysis of the survey, Donncha Ó hÉallaithe, described the Irish language policy followed by Irish governments a 'complete and absolute disaster.' The Irish Times (January 6, 2002), referring to his analysis, which was initially published in the Irish language newspaper Foinse, quoted him as follows: 'It is an absolute indictment of successive Irish Governments that at the foundation of the Irish State there were 250,000 fluent Irish speakers living in Irish-speaking or semi Irish-speaking areas, but the number now is between 20,000 and 30,000.'

According to the language survey, levels of fluency among families is 'very low', from 1% in Galway suburbs to a maximum of 8% parts of west Donegal. With such sharp decline, particularly among the young, the real danger exists that Irish will largely become extinct within two generations, possibly even one. While the language will continue to exist among English speakers who have learned fluency and are bilingual (though mainly English-speaking in their everyday lives) Gaeltachtaí embody more than just a language, but the cultural context in which it is spoken, through song, stories, social traditions, folklore and dance. The death of the Gaeltachtaí would make a break forever between Ireland's cultural past and identity, and its future. All sides, irrespective of their view on the methodology used by independent Ireland in its efforts to preserve the language, agree that such a loss would be a cultural tragedy of a monumental scale.

The U.S. English Foundation has published analyses of the United States Census 2000, and states that 25,870 US residents speak the Irish language at home (pdf file).

An interest in the Irish language is maintained throughout the English speaking world among the Irish diaspora and there are active Irish language groups in North American, British and Australian cities.

Several computer software products have the option of an Irish-language interface.

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++ KE VINTAGE SURVEY TRANSIT THEODOLITE W LEVEL s n 94186
++ KE VINTAGE SURVEY TRANSIT THEODOLITE W LEVEL s n 94186
$320.00
Survey Level Transit and Case
Survey Level Transit and Case
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Geotop 5 Minute Transit Level Leveling Tool Survey Surveying Tool only
Geotop 5 Minute Transit Level Leveling Tool Survey Surveying Tool only
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Vintage Bostroms No 2 Farm Level Surveying Instrument Plumb Bob and Tripod
Vintage Bostroms No 2 Farm Level Surveying Instrument Plumb Bob and Tripod
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BERGER INSTRUMENTS 200B LEVEL AND TRANSIT SURVEYING SCOPE IN CASE
BERGER INSTRUMENTS 200B LEVEL AND TRANSIT SURVEYING SCOPE IN CASE
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David White LT8 300 Survey Level Transit  Case
David White LT8 300 Survey Level Transit Case
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Vintage Brass Dietzgen Transit Handheld Survey Scope Level With Leather Case
Vintage Brass Dietzgen Transit Handheld Survey Scope Level With Leather Case
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Vintage COOKE TROUGHTON  SIMMS YORK ENGLAND SURVEY LEVEL THEODOLITE V012591
Vintage COOKE TROUGHTON SIMMS YORK ENGLAND SURVEY LEVEL THEODOLITE V012591
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Vintage COOKE TROUGHTON  SIMMS YORK ENGLAND SURVEY LEVEL S041782
Vintage COOKE TROUGHTON SIMMS YORK ENGLAND SURVEY LEVEL S041782
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Vintage Askania Werke theodolite  German survey compass transit level AB
Vintage Askania Werke theodolite German survey compass transit level AB
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Vintage BOSTRAMS No 2 Farm Transit LEVEL SURVEYING INSTRUMENT w Original BOX
Vintage BOSTRAMS No 2 Farm Transit LEVEL SURVEYING INSTRUMENT w Original BOX
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Vintage David White Model 8080 Level Transit Survey Equipment with Case
Vintage David White Model 8080 Level Transit Survey Equipment with Case
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Berger Instruments Model 200 Surveying Transit Level Scope Hard Case Plumb Bob
Berger Instruments Model 200 Surveying Transit Level Scope Hard Case Plumb Bob
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Vintage Sears Craftsman Survey Level in Box Model 789
Vintage Sears Craftsman Survey Level in Box Model 789
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Antique Vintage David White Transit Level Plum Survey 845
Antique Vintage David White Transit Level Plum Survey 845
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Pentax AL 270 27x Transit Survey Autolevel Automatic Sight Level with Case
Pentax AL 270 27x Transit Survey Autolevel Automatic Sight Level with Case
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Berger Instruments Model 110c Surveying Transit Level Scope with Hard Case
Berger Instruments Model 110c Surveying Transit Level Scope with Hard Case
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David White Realist Sight Level LP6 20 Surveying Equipment Made in USA
David White Realist Sight Level LP6 20 Surveying Equipment Made in USA
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Pentax Scale Reading Transit Theodolite Level Surveying TH 60S 110610
Pentax Scale Reading Transit Theodolite Level Surveying TH 60S 110610
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David White DW Path Transit Theodolite Level Surveying Instrument T 306A
David White DW Path Transit Theodolite Level Surveying Instrument T 306A
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Leica Runner 20 Automatic Survey Level 20X Autolevel
Leica Runner 20 Automatic Survey Level 20X Autolevel
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Realist David White Instruments Meridian L6 20 Survey transit sight level w Case
Realist David White Instruments Meridian L6 20 Survey transit sight level w Case
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K  E Keuffel Esser 9092 22 Surveying Transit Optical Level Scope W Wood Case
K E Keuffel Esser 9092 22 Surveying Transit Optical Level Scope W Wood Case
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Vintage K+E Keuffel  Esser Survey Paragon Jig Transit Level Scope 71 3250 66796
Vintage K+E Keuffel Esser Survey Paragon Jig Transit Level Scope 71 3250 66796
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David White Meridian Survey Level Transit L6 20A Damaged
David White Meridian Survey Level Transit L6 20A Damaged
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1900 VINTAGE ANTIQUE TRANSIT SURVEY SURVEYOR COMPASS LEVEL W  EL GURLEY STADIA
1900 VINTAGE ANTIQUE TRANSIT SURVEY SURVEYOR COMPASS LEVEL W EL GURLEY STADIA
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Brass Dumpy Auto Level Optical Transit Surveying Alidade Scientific Instrument
Brass Dumpy Auto Level Optical Transit Surveying Alidade Scientific Instrument
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Dumpy Auto Level Optical Transit Surveying Alidade Scientific Instrument
Dumpy Auto Level Optical Transit Surveying Alidade Scientific Instrument
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Brunson Telescopic Survey Level 575625 Optical Transit Surveying Square
Brunson Telescopic Survey Level 575625 Optical Transit Surveying Square
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David White AL8 26 Automatic Level Surveying Equipment
David White AL8 26 Automatic Level Surveying Equipment
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Folding Wooden Tripod Vintage Soviet For Theodolite Survey Transit Level 1976 q
Folding Wooden Tripod Vintage Soviet For Theodolite Survey Transit Level 1976 q
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New Transit Level 22X For Sale Survey Construction
New Transit Level 22X For Sale Survey Construction
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