Survey Level

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does ireland have an actual language or do they just have that accent like ppl from england do.?

Irish (Gaeilge), a Goidelic language spoken in the Republic of Ireland, the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States, is constitutionally recognized as the first official language of the Republic of Ireland. On 13 June, 2005, EU foreign ministers unanimously decided to make Irish an official working language of the European Union. The new arrangements will come into effect on January 1, 2007.

According to statistics released by the Government of Ireland in 2004, there are approximately 1.6 million speakers of Irish in the Republic. Of these, 350,000 use Irish every day, 155,000 weekly, 585,000 less often, 460,000 never, and 30,000 didn't state how often. However, these statistics are often disputed by Irish language activists and their opponents. 80,000 people has been quoted as the number of people in the Gaeltacht who use the language as their first, daily language1. Other data state that 165,000 can speak Irish in Northern Ireland and 25,000 in the United States.

The number of native Irish-speakers in the Republic of Ireland today is a tiny fraction of what it was at independence. The Official Languages Act of 2003 gave people the right to interact with state bodies in Irish. It is too early to assess how well this is working in practice. Other factors were outward migration of Irish speakers from the Gaeltacht and inward migration of English-speakers. The Planning and Development Act (2000) attempted to address the latter issue, but the response is almost certainly inadequate. Planning controls now require new housing in Gaeltacht areas to be allocated to English-speakers and Irish-speakers in the same ratio as the existing population of the area. This will not prevent houses allocated to Irish-speakers subsequently being sold on to English-speakers. Outward migration of Irish-speakers could be reduced if the state, which is the main employer in the Republic of Ireland, were to exercise its right to have certain jobs performed in Irish and relocated to the Gaeltacht. On 3rd December 2003 the Minister for Finance announced a new Decentralisation programme, moving over 10,000 civil and public service jobs to 53 locations in 25 other counties outside Dublin. The government explicitly said this was being done to boost the economy of outlying areas. None of these jobs were used to provide employment for native Irish-speakers in the Gaeltacht.

According to data compiled by the Irish Department of Community, Rural and Gaeltacht Affairs, only one quarter of households in Gaeltacht areas possess a fluency in Irish. The author of a detailed analysis of the survey, Donncha Ó hÉallaithe, described the Irish language policy followed by Irish governments a 'complete and absolute disaster.' The Irish Times (January 6, 2002), referring to his analysis, which was initially published in the Irish language newspaper Foinse, quoted him as follows: 'It is an absolute indictment of successive Irish Governments that at the foundation of the Irish State there were 250,000 fluent Irish speakers living in Irish-speaking or semi Irish-speaking areas, but the number now is between 20,000 and 30,000.'

According to the language survey, levels of fluency among families is 'very low', from 1% in Galway suburbs to a maximum of 8% parts of west Donegal. With such sharp decline, particularly among the young, the real danger exists that Irish will largely become extinct within two generations, possibly even one. While the language will continue to exist among English speakers who have learned fluency and are bilingual (though mainly English-speaking in their everyday lives) Gaeltachtaí embody more than just a language, but the cultural context in which it is spoken, through song, stories, social traditions, folklore and dance. The death of the Gaeltachtaí would make a break forever between Ireland's cultural past and identity, and its future. All sides, irrespective of their view on the methodology used by independent Ireland in its efforts to preserve the language, agree that such a loss would be a cultural tragedy of a monumental scale.

The U.S. English Foundation has published analyses of the United States Census 2000, and states that 25,870 US residents speak the Irish language at home (pdf file).

An interest in the Irish language is maintained throughout the English speaking world among the Irish diaspora and there are active Irish language groups in North American, British and Australian cities.

Several computer software products have the option of an Irish-language interface.

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David Whit TR 300 survey level
David Whit TR 300 survey level
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DAVID WHITE 8114 SURVEYING LEVEL
DAVID WHITE 8114 SURVEYING LEVEL
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David White universal 8114 DW level builders level surveying instruments RARE
David White universal 8114 DW level builders level surveying instruments RARE
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1910 Dietzgen COMPANY CHICAGO NY SIGHT LEVEL TRANSIT SURVEY
1910 Dietzgen COMPANY CHICAGO NY SIGHT LEVEL TRANSIT SURVEY
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Berger Instruments 200 Survey Surveying Scope Transit Level with Hard Case
Berger Instruments 200 Survey Surveying Scope Transit Level with Hard Case
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David White Instruments Meridian Survey Level w Metal Case and Tripod
David White Instruments Meridian Survey Level w Metal Case and Tripod
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ANTIQUE MILITARY THEODOLITE LEVEL SURVEY TELESCOPE CP GOERZ WIENA WITH BOX
ANTIQUE MILITARY THEODOLITE LEVEL SURVEY TELESCOPE CP GOERZ WIENA WITH BOX
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David White L 6 20 Meridian Leveling Scope Survey Sight
David White L 6 20 Meridian Leveling Scope Survey Sight
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Vintage Lietz Sokkisha Surveying Transit Level 190150
Vintage Lietz Sokkisha Surveying Transit Level 190150
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David White universal 8114 DW level builders level surveying instruments
David White universal 8114 DW level builders level surveying instruments
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Sears Craftsman Transit Surveying Level
Sears Craftsman Transit Surveying Level
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Vintage BK Elliott Co Pittsburgh PA Lock Level Survey Equipment
Vintage BK Elliott Co Pittsburgh PA Lock Level Survey Equipment
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Lietz Sokkisha Transit BT 30 Level Survey with Case
Lietz Sokkisha Transit BT 30 Level Survey with Case
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Berger instruments 200B surveying transit level with case and owners manual
Berger instruments 200B surveying transit level with case and owners manual
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LOT OF 6 VINTAGE SURVEYING HAND HELD SIGHTING LEVELS
LOT OF 6 VINTAGE SURVEYING HAND HELD SIGHTING LEVELS
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David White Instrument Model 8090 Meridian Level Transit Survey Equipment Tripod
David White Instrument Model 8090 Meridian Level Transit Survey Equipment Tripod
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SOKKISHA DOUBLE CENTER LIETZ THEODOLITE TM20C TRANSIT LEVEL SURVEYOR SURVEY
SOKKISHA DOUBLE CENTER LIETZ THEODOLITE TM20C TRANSIT LEVEL SURVEYOR SURVEY
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DIETZGEN 6100 SERIES VINTAGE LAND SURVEY TRANSIT LEVEL WITH WOODEN CASE
DIETZGEN 6100 SERIES VINTAGE LAND SURVEY TRANSIT LEVEL WITH WOODEN CASE
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Antique Vintage David White Instrument Co Transit Level Plum Survey Model 8027
Antique Vintage David White Instrument Co Transit Level Plum Survey Model 8027
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David White Co Survey Transit Model 61505  Hardwood Transit Level Tripod Nice
David White Co Survey Transit Model 61505 Hardwood Transit Level Tripod Nice
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Antique Vintage Transit Level Survey STAND CAST IRON
Antique Vintage Transit Level Survey STAND CAST IRON
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WOODS tripod for survey transit level
WOODS tripod for survey transit level
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SOKKIA tripod for survey transit level
SOKKIA tripod for survey transit level
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Antique Vintage David White Transit Level Plum Bob Survey 8027 Excellent
Antique Vintage David White Transit Level Plum Bob Survey 8027 Excellent
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Vtg Scope Survey Tool with Leveler and Leather Pouch Made in England
Vtg Scope Survey Tool with Leveler and Leather Pouch Made in England
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David White DW 8300 Survey Level Surveyors Transit wCase
David White DW 8300 Survey Level Surveyors Transit wCase
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VINTAGE Keuffel  Esser Co SURVEYING TRANSIT LEVEL Theodolite
VINTAGE Keuffel Esser Co SURVEYING TRANSIT LEVEL Theodolite
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Trimble Spectra Precision Model 1212 surveying Level
Trimble Spectra Precision Model 1212 surveying Level
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Russian Soviet SURVEYING LEVEL N 3 theodolite transit surveyor 1976
Russian Soviet SURVEYING LEVEL N 3 theodolite transit surveyor 1976
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SOKKIA C3 30 Surveying Automatic Level
SOKKIA C3 30 Surveying Automatic Level
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EAST COST INSTRUMENT ECI28 SURVEY SCOPE LEVEL E11935 3 JOO LOCELK
EAST COST INSTRUMENT ECI28 SURVEY SCOPE LEVEL E11935 3 JOO LOCELK
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David White DW Path Transit Theodolite Level Surveying Instrument UT 403
David White DW Path Transit Theodolite Level Surveying Instrument UT 403
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